UCOPIA solutions bring together a combination of software, appliance and cloud services serving small to large customers.
More than 12,000 UCOPIA solutions are deployed and maintained by UCOPIA expert partners all over the world.
The affected asset in this report is a WiFi management appliance, in which we found a restricted shell escape vulnerability.
Shell Escape via
Improper sanitization of system commands in the restricted shell interface in UCOPIA Wireless Appliance, prior to 5.1.8, allows remote attackers to gain access to a system shell as the "admin" user.
CVE ID: CVE-2017-11321
Access Vector: network
Security Risk: critical
CVSS Base Score: 9.1 (Critical)
CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H
Proof of Concept: Restricted Shell Escape
By default, the UCOPIA wireless appliances exposes two shell access on port 22 (SSH) and 222 (ShellInTheBox).
A documented admin user exists on the system with the password bhu85tgb.
Quoted from the documentation :
You can also retrieve the IP address of the outgoing interface. For this, you need to log in to the terminal of the virtual machine with the following username and password: admin/bhu85tgb, and then execute the interface command.
By logging in within these interfaces, we can access to a restricted shell (clish) that allows only a few commands.
less command is allowed, and because
less allows to execute shell commands when viewing a file, we can use it to escape the restricted shell.
1/ Login to the appliance using SSH or ShellInTheBox.
2/ Run the
less /etc/passwd command.
3/ When viewing the file, type
4/ You now have unrestricted
admin user access to the appliance.
> less /etc/passwd !sh $ ls / bin dev etc home lib proc tmp user $ whoami admin
Update to UCOPIA 5.1.8
- 08/03/2017 : Vulnerability discovery.
- 03/05/2017 : Initial contact.
- 10/05/2017 : GPG Key exchange.
- 10/05/2017 : Advisory sent to vendor.
- 17/05/2017 : Request for feedback.
- 22/05/2017 : Vendor acknowledge the vulnerabilities.
- 21/06/2017 : Sysdream Labs request for an ETA, warning for public disclosure.
- 21/06/2017 : Vendor say that the UCOPIA 5.1.8 fixes the issue.
- 29/09/2017 : Public disclosure.
- Nicolas CHATELAIN, Sysdream (n.chatelain -at- sysdream -dot- com)